A hernia is a protrusion (bulge) of abdominal viscera through a weakened part of the abdominal wall
A hernia can be congenital- present at birth – or acquired due to a weakness/defect in the abdominal wall. Activities and medical problems that increase pressure on the abdominal wall can lead to a hernia. These include:
- Straining on the toilet/constipation
- Straining to urinate
- Persistent cough or sneezing
- Strain from heavy lifting
- Physical exertion
- obesity or sudden weight gain
The most common types of hernia are inguinal (inner groin), incisional (resulting from an incision), femoral (outer groin), umbilical (belly button), and hiatal (upper stomach)
- Through Physical Examination- the doctor will often be able to see and palpate/feel the bulge.
- Imaging Tests such as Ultrasound scan and CT (computerized tomography) scan.
For asymptomatic hernia (without any signs and symptoms), the usual course of action is watchful waiting. Hernias are treated by surgical repair either open or laparoscopic surgery.